The Chipko Movement in India

Sunderlal Bahuguna

"My fight is to save the Himalayas."


Sunderlal Bahuguna

India’s National Magazine, August 27, 2004. Environmentalist Sunderlal Bahuguna, 77, whose name has become synonymous with the anti-Tehri dam movement, is a dejected man today as he watches Old Tehri town go down under water. He is saddened by the turn of events. However, sitting in his new two-storeyed house at Koti, a little hillock overlooking the Bhagirathi river Bahuguna is as resolute as ever to continue his struggle. This interview appeared in Frontline.

What is Chipko Movement or Chipko Andolan?

Chipko Andolan refers to a non-violent movement for conservation of forest. The movement saw people forming circles around the tree and hugging it to save from being cut down. It started in the 1970s and got its name from the obvious reason of people embracing the trees (as Chipko stands for embrace, hug and to stick). However, the original movement dates back to 18th century Rajasthan where a large group of people from the Bishnoi community resisted the cutting of trees (ordered by Jodhpurs Maharaja) by hugging them.

chipko movement

From 1980-1995 Children of the Green Earth initiated, fostered, and connected children’s tree planting efforts in schools, youth groups.

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